Cilt 3, Sayı 9, Sayfalar 611 - 619 2017-12-25

INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN

Maria Staton [1] , Rabeya Jalil [2]

12 24

The study contributes to the under-explored topic of international alumni and their professional activities back in the home countries, and especially the impact such activities may have on the alumni’s communities. The study is based on interviews with six Pakistani Fulbright alumni, three males and three females, who had graduated from art and design institutes in the U.S. in the last seven years; the alumni discuss the influence of their U.S.A.  experience on their teaching and involvement in the community. The interviews sought the answers to the following two questions: 1. What was the impact of the Fulbright program on the alumni’s teaching? and 2. What were the alumni’s perceptions, informed by their Fulbright period, of the cross-national humanistic influence of art on human relations? The questions were informed by the recently acknowledged fact that art practice is an effective means of reaching out across groups of society. Educators’ experience confirms that art helps students to interact with peers of different social backgrounds; practicing art allows students to communicate more deeply and has a harmonizing effect for all the participants. It was hypothesized that Fulbright experience may trigger off changes in the alumni’s pedagogy towards a more student-oriented approach; it was also hypothesized that Fulbright alumni may see more clearly the link between student-oriented teaching and humanistic relations in society, especially between the less privileged and more privileged groups of population.  The results of the study included the following. All six interviewees pointed out that the Fulbright program had a positive impact on their teaching and academic experiences. Specifically, it enabled them to move from lecturing to more interactive student-centered teaching styles. Examples included taking students out of the classroom into real-life settings, giving more value to a “relational, interactive and collaborative space” rather than just a “speculative one,” and practicing inclusive pedagogy (teaching autistic and deaf students). Likewise, all six interviewees indicated that there is a link between their innovative pedagogy and broader humanistic projects which they have launched since their return to Pakistan. The study concluded that when interacting with domestic students, the Fulbright graduates were transferring the skills they received abroad, thus becoming informal ambassadors of new ideas and practices. In this respect, Fulbright graduates have potential to influence Pakistan’s academic and cultural development; therefore, it is important to establish closer contacts with them, as well as maintain these links for extended time. 

international alumni,Fulbright Program,art and design education,Pakistan,United States
  • Abbas, S. B. (2015). International educational exchange programs as a modality of public diplomacy: An in- depth analysis of the Fulbright Pakistan program. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. Altbach, P. (2013). Brain Drain or Brain Exchange: Developing Country Implications. International Higher Education, 72. Amazan, R.C. (2014). When the Diaspora Returns: Analysis of Ethiopian Returnees and the Need for Highly Skilled Labor in Ethiopia. Internationalization of Higher Education and the Global Mobility, ed. Bernhard Streitwiser. Oxford: Symposium Books. Banks, M. & Bhandari, R. (2012). Global Student Mobility. SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education, ed. Darla K. Deardorff, Hans de Wit and John D. Heyl. SAGE Publications. http://site.ebrary.com.proxy.bsu.edu/lib/bsu/reader.action?docID=10773012&ppg=16 Barth, S. (1998). Globetrotting for Gifts. Currents, 24 (4). Basinger, J, (1999). More U.S. Colleges Court Their Foreign Alumni. Chronicle of Higher Education 45 (33). ERIC, EBSCOhost. Biraimah, K. L., & Jotia, L. The Longitudinal Effects of Study Abroad Programs on Teachers’ Content Knowledge and Perspectives: Fulbright-Hays Group Projects Abroad in Botswana and the South-East Asia. Journal of Studies in International Education, 17 (4). Clift, K. (2010). Long-Distance Connection. Currents, 36 (7). Connor, C. M. Earning the Right to Ask. Currents, 25 (9). Cuthbert, D., Smith, W., & Boey, J. (2008). What Do We Really Know About the Outcomes of Australian International Education? A Critical Review and Prospectus for Future Research. Journal of Studies in International Education, 12 (3). Demir, C. E., Aksu, M.. & Paykoç, F. (2000). Does the Fulbright Make a Difference? The Turkish Perspective. Journal of Studies in International Education. de Wit, H. & Urias, D. (2012). An Overview and Analysis of International Education Research, Training, and Resources.SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education, ed. Darla K. Deardorff, Hans de Wit and John D. Heyl, SAGE Publications. http://site.ebrary.com.proxy.bsu.edu/lib/bsu/reader.action?docID=10773012&ppg=16 Han, X., Stocking, G., Gebbie, M. A., Appelbaum, R.P. (2015). Will They Stay or Will They Go? International Graduate Students and Their Decisions to Stay or Leave the U.S. upon Graduation. PLoS One. 10 (3). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4356591/ Higson, H. S., & Liu, K. (2013). Business Lessons Without Business. Can Arts-Based Training Enhance Cultural Competence? Cross-Cultural Teaching and Learning for Home and International Students, ed. Janette Ryan. Routledge. Hudzik, J.K. (2015). Comprehensive Internationalization. London, New York: Routledge. Hudzik, J. K., & Stoh, M. Comprehensive and Strategic Internationalization of U.S. Higher Education. SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education, ed. Darla K. Deardorff, Hans de Wit and John D. Heyl,. SAGE Publications. http://site.ebrary.com.proxy.bsu.edu/lib/bsu/reader.action?docID=10773012&ppg=16 IIE – IFP Alumni Tracking Study (2017). https://www.iie.org/en/Research-and-Insights/IFP-Alumni-Tracking-Study IIE Releases Open Doors 2016 Data. Press Release. Institute of International Education. https://www.iie.org/Why-IIE/Announcements/2016-11-14-Open-Doors-Data Internationalizing Higher Education Worldwide. (2015). National Policies and Programs. American Council of Education. https://www.acenet.edu/news-room/Documents/National-Policies-and-Programs-Part-1-Global.pdf Mellors-Bourne, R., Humfrey, C., Kemp, N., & Woodfield, S. (2013). Wider Benefits of International Higher Education in the UK. BIS Research Paper, 128. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/240407/bis-13-1172-the-wider-benefits-of-international-higher-education-in-the-uk.pdf Pakistan-U.S. Alumni Network. (2016). Strengthening People-to-People Ties between U.S. and Pakistan. http://www.pakusalumninetwork.com/ Pulley, J, (2009). Continental Drift: International Students Become International Alumni and Create International Institutions. Currents, 35 (9). Read, L. S. (2009). Challenges of Creating and Maintaining International Alumni Relations Programs. M.S. thesis, Oregon State University. Rumbley, L. E., Altbach, P. A., & Reisberg, L. (2012). Internationalization Within the Higher Education Context. SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education, ed. Darla K. Deardorff, Hans de Wit and John D. Heyl. SAGE Publications. http://site.ebrary.com.proxy.bsu.edu/lib/bsu/reader.action?docID=10773012&ppg=16 Saxenian, A. (2005). From Brain Drain to Brain Circulation: Transnational Communities and Regional Upgrading in India and China. University of California, Berkeley School of Information. http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~anno/Papers/scid-2005.pdf Sporn, B. (2007). Governance and Administration: Organizational and Structural Trends. International Handbook of Higher Education, ed. James G.F. Forest and Philip G. Altback. London, New York: Springer. Teferra, D. (2005). Brain Circulation: Unparalleled Opportunities, Underlying Challenges, and Outmoded Presumption. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9 (3). Tubin, D,, & Lapidot, O. (2008). Construction of "Glocal" (Global-Local) Identity among Israeli Graduate Students in the USA. Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning 55 (2). ERIC, EBSCOhost Wadhwa, V. (2009). Tapping Talent in a Global Economy: A Reverse Brain Drain. Issues in Science and Technology, XXV (3). http://issues.org/25-3/wadhwa-2/ Walker, N. (2011). Tending the Flock. Currents, 37 (3). Wilhelm, I. (2013). Fulbright Starts Efforts to Help Alumni Keen Global Ties. Chronicle of Higher Education, 60 (9). http://chronicle.com/article/Fulbright-Program Introduces/142643/?key=QTh7Ilg+YXFBYCpgNGtBbDZRPXFpZk8uNXVMbHwhblpcEQ
Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Maria Staton (Sorumlu Yazar)
E-posta: polyakov@bsu.edu
Ülke: United States


Yazar: Rabeya Jalil
E-posta: rabeyajalil2013@gmail.com
Ülke: Pakistan


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijaedu370430, journal = {International E-Journal of Advances in Education}, issn = {}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {2017}, volume = {3}, pages = {611 - 619}, doi = {10.18768/ijaedu.370430}, title = {INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Jalil, Rabeya and Staton, Maria} }
APA Staton, M , Jalil, R . (2017). INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN. International E-Journal of Advances in Education, 3 (9), 611-619. DOI: 10.18768/ijaedu.370430
MLA Staton, M , Jalil, R . "INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN". International E-Journal of Advances in Education 3 (2017): 611-619 <http://ijaedu.ocerintjournals.org/issue/33256/370430>
Chicago Staton, M , Jalil, R . "INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN". International E-Journal of Advances in Education 3 (2017): 611-619
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN AU - Maria Staton , Rabeya Jalil Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18768/ijaedu.370430 DO - 10.18768/ijaedu.370430 T2 - International E-Journal of Advances in Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 611 EP - 619 VL - 3 IS - 9 SN - -2411-1821 M3 - doi: 10.18768/ijaedu.370430 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18768/ijaedu.370430 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Education INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN %A Maria Staton , Rabeya Jalil %T INTERNATIONAL GRADUATES: PAKISTANI FULBRIGHT ALUMNI ON THEIR RETURN TO PAKISTAN %D 2017 %J International E-Journal of Advances in Education %P -2411-1821 %V 3 %N 9 %R doi: 10.18768/ijaedu.370430 %U 10.18768/ijaedu.370430