The training of professional lawyers is a multifaceted process that requires the formation of not only highly professional knowledge and skills, but also legal consciousness, legal ideology and legal culture. Professional legal culture allows a lawyer to objectively assess social reality, specific legal relations. A significant role in shaping the professional legal culture of a student belongs to historical and legal educational disciplines. By studying the history of the state and the law of their country, foreign countries, as well as the history of political and legal doctrines, students studying in the field of jurisprudence gain extensive knowledge on the evolution of the state, changing the form of the state, the form of government and the form of political regime. Strong knowledge of the processes of formation of the legal system are the fundamental basis of the professional legal consciousness of a lawyer, which determines the type of his legal culture.