Yıl 2017, Cilt 3 , Sayı 9, Sayfalar 587 - 596 2017-12-27


Orim Samuel ORİM [1] , Uko Francesca Uche EZEKİEL [2]

This study investigated the prevalence of specific learning   disabilities and its management among pupils in Calabar educational zone, Cross River State. It adopted survey design,400 pupils between ages 6-14 years,200 teachers were purposively sampled across 20 schools were used for the study and three instruments two were designed by the researcher (learning disability checklist-LDC and teachers ability to manage learning disabilities-TAMLD), learning disabilities assessment and diagnostic Instrument -LDADI used in learning disabilities assessment center Jos, plateau state Nigeria. LDC and LDADI were used to identify specific learning disabilitieswhile TAMLD was used to assess teachers’ ability to manage cases of learning disabilities in the classroom. All instruments were validated by experts in relevant fields. Data from thefield were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Findings indicated that there are eight sub types of specific learning disabilities are common among pupils in thesampled schools; these include dyslexia 26% (n=104), dyscalculia 18% (n=72), dysgraphia 16% (n=64), ADHD 9% (n=36), dyspraxia 15% (n=60), dysorthgraphia3% (n=12),dyspinxia 8% (n=32), and dysmusia 5% (n=20).While 35% (n=70), 31% (n=62), of the teachers have poor and fair ability in managing specific learning disabilities others have 20% (n=40) and 14% (n=28) good and excellent ability to handle these disabilities. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that teachers’ capacity should be built so that they professionally meet instructional needs of pupils with these disabilities if government policies like SDGs and Inclusion must be achieved in Nigeria.

disabilities, prevalence, learning, children, instruction
  • Altarac, M.(2007).Life time prevalence of learning disability among children. Retrieved from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17272589 Anne,V.E.(2016).Managing learning disabilities in Inclusive classrooms. Journal of Inclusive Education, 1 (3), 40-48. Amanda,M.(2010). Learning disabilities facts, trends and statistics. Retrieved from understood.org/en/learning-attention-Issues/getting started/what- you-need-to-know/learning-disabilities-fact-trends and stats American Psychiatric Association, APA (2013).Diagnostic statistical manual. Author Bartonova, M.(2014).Approaches to students with learning disorders in Inclusiveschool environment. Masaryk University: Muni press. Bendova,P.& Petrikova,M.(2015).The risk of developing specific learning difficulties in children aged 5.5-7 years in the Czech Republic. Retrieved from www.library.tated.org. Center for Learning Disabilities (2014). The state of learning disabilities 3rdedition. Author. Danny, C.B.(2016).Failure of the school system: Implications for posterity. Journal of Disability and the Society,3(6)81-92 Department of Special Education, University of Calabar (2015).Assessment andIdentification of pupils with disabilities in schools. Author. Federal Government of Nigeria(2008). National policy on education withstrategic Implementation plan. Lagos: NERDC Federal ministry of Women affairs and Social Development (2011). Baselinesurvey on persons with disabilities. Author. Hassan,S.D.(2012). Assisting children with learning disabilities to cope with Inclusion through diet modification and supplement. African Journal of InclusiveEducation,1(1),39-43. Heward, W.L (2000).Exceptional children: An introduction to special education 6thedition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Kelechi, U.L. & Olabisi,I. A.(2012).Basics of inclusive education for children in Nigeria. African Journal of Inclusive Education 1,(1),18-29. Learning Disabilities Association of America (2006). Dysgraphia. Retrieved from www.idamerica.org/aboutld/parent/ld-basic/dysgrphia.asp. Learning Disabilities Association of Canada(2012). Prevalence of learning disability. Retrieved from www.ldac-act.ca/learn-more/ld-basics/prevalence-of lds. Lerner, W.J.& Kline, F.(2006). Learning disabilities and related disorders,Characteristics, and learning strategies. USA: Houghton Mifflin Company. Moody, S.(2007). Dyslexia: surviving and succeeding at college. New York: Routlege Taylor Francis Group. Mayern, V.I.(2015).Issues in assessment and Identification of specific learning disabilities Moshe,A.(2013).Teaching reading strategies: mediation for transcendence as tool for students acquisition and internalization. In L.Prochachzkova & P.Sochor(eds).Support of people with special needs: international perspectives. Masaryk University: Muni Press Mogasale, V.V,& Patil,V.D.(2012).Prevalence of specific learning disabilities among children in South Indian City. Retrieved from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21887581. Ozoji, E.D(2005).Special education and rehabilitation for beginnerprofessionals. Jos: Deka publication. Obi, F.B.(2006).Essentials of special educational needs. Calabar: Klentin Educational Publishing. Obani,T.C.(2006).Teaching the learning disabled in the regular UBE schools and classrooms. In T.C. Obani (ed).Teaching pupils with special needs in regular UBE classroom .Ibadan: Olubem prinrers. Orim,S O.(2015).Teaching or cheating learners with learning disabilities in school. Course materials on EDS 222, education of children with learning disabilities, Department of special education, University of Calabar. Osuorji P.I.(2010).understanding learning disabilities from assessment and diagnosis perspectives: A clinical experience for specialist. The ExceptionalChild,12 (1),106-116. Osuorji,P.I(2013). Assessment needs on learning disabilities for inclusive education in Nigeria. The Exceptional Child, 15(1),133-142. Peters,H.K(2010).Prevalence of specific learning disabilities among school children in America. Journal of Exceptionality,1(1),34-45. Toister,J.(2014).Instructional design essentials: needs analysis. Retrieved from www.lynda.com/higher-education-tutorials/instructional-design-essentials-needs-analysis/170069-2. Tanneck,R.(2014).DSM-5changes in diagnostics criteria for specific learning disabilities: what are the implications. International Dyslexia Association. Author US Congress (2005).Twenty-six US report on persons with disabilities. Author.
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler

Yazar: Orim Samuel ORİM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Czech Republic

Yazar: Uko Francesca Uche EZEKİEL
Ülke: Czech Republic


Yayımlanma Tarihi : 27 Aralık 2017

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Education PREVALENCE OF SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONG PUPILS IN CALABAR EDUCATIONAL ZONE, CROSS RIVER STATE %A Orim Samuel Orim , Uko Francesca Uche Ezekiel %T PREVALENCE OF SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONG PUPILS IN CALABAR EDUCATIONAL ZONE, CROSS RIVER STATE %D 2017 %J IJAEDU- International E-Journal of Advances in Education %P 2411-1821-2411-1821 %V 3 %N 9 %R doi: 10.18768/ijaedu.370427 %U 10.18768/ijaedu.370427

Makalenin Yazarları
Orim Samuel ORİM [1]
Uko Francesca Uche EZEKİEL [2]