This conceptual paper
addresses the information lacuna in the amalgamation between the areas of
language learning strategies and international students in Malaysia. Malaysia
is considered a hybrid or mixed setting environment where English as a Second
Language (ESL) meets English as a Foreign Language (EFL). Thus in dissecting
the big areas of language learning strategies and international students in
relation to Malaysia, it gives rise to four notions – hybrid environment,
agency, out-of-class language learning strategies and acculturation strategies.
Underpinned by tenets derived from four flagship theories/model – Experiential
Learning Theory by Kolb, Sociocultural Theory by Vygotsky, Social Cognitive
Theory by Bandura, and Second Language Acquisition Model by Ellis – a framework
is conceptualised. The conceptual framework elucidates the interplay of the
four notions and their connections which will inform the main purpose of the
study that is to explore the English language learning experiences of the
international students in Malaysia.